Plato

Roman copy of a portrait [[wikt:bust|bust]] by [[Silanion]] for the Academia in Athens ({{circa|370 BC|lk=on}}) Plato ( ; ''Plátōn'', in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Athenian philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought and the Academy, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

He is widely considered the pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle.}} Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality. The so-called Neoplatonism of philosophers like Plotinus and Porphyry greatly influenced Christianity through Church Fathers such as Augustine. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."

Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism). He is also the namesake of Platonic love and the Platonic solids.

His own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been along with Socrates, the pre-Socratics Pythagoras, Heraclitus and Parmenides, although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself.|Brickhouse & Smith.}} Unlike the work of nearly all of his contemporaries, Plato's entire body of work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Although their popularity has fluctuated over the years, Plato's works have never been without readers since the time they were written. Provided by Wikipedia
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1
by Plato., Plato, Aristotle
Published 1899
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2
by Plato.
Published 1956
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3
by Plato.
Published 1900
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4
by Plato.
Published 1956
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5
by Plato.
Published 1877
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6
by Plato.
Published 1983
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7
by Plato.
Published 1993
Other Authors: ...Plato....
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8
by Plato.
Published 1968
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9
by Plato.
Published 1994
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10
by Plato.
Published 1951
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12
by Plato.
Published 1901
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13
by Plato.
Published 1907
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14
by Plato.
Published 1969
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15
by Plato.
Published 1987
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16
by Plato.
Published 1945
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17
by Plato.
Published 1938
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19
by Plato.
Published 1993
Other Authors: ...Plato....
Available via EBSCO eBook Collection
eBook
20
by Plato.
Published 1996
Available via EBSCO eBook Collection
eBook