Herman Melville

Portrait of Melville by [[Joseph Oriel Eaton]], oils on canvas, 1870 Herman Melville (born Melvill; August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period. Among his best-known works are ''Moby-Dick'' (1851); ''Typee'' (1846), a romanticized account of his experiences in Polynesia; and ''Billy Budd, Sailor'', a posthumously published novella. Although his reputation was not high at the time of his death, the 1919 centennial of his birth was the starting point of a Melville revival, and ''Moby-Dick'' grew to be considered one of the great American novels.

Melville was born in New York City, the third child of a prosperous merchant whose death in 1832 left the family in dire financial straits. He took to sea in 1839 as a common sailor on a merchant ship and then on the whaler ''Acushnet'', but he jumped ship in the Marquesas Islands. ''Typee'', his first book, and its sequel, ''Omoo'' (1847), were travel-adventures based on his encounters with the peoples of the islands. Their success gave him the financial security to marry Elizabeth Shaw, the daughter of the Boston jurist Lemuel Shaw. ''Mardi'' (1849), a romance-adventure and his first book not based on his own experience, was not well received. ''Redburn'' (1849) and ''White-Jacket'' (1850), both tales based on his experience as a well-born young man at sea, were given respectable reviews, but did not sell well enough to support his expanding family.

Melville's growing literary ambition showed in ''Moby-Dick'' (1851), which took nearly a year and a half to write, but it did not find an audience, and critics scorned his psychological novel ''Pierre: or, The Ambiguities'' (1852). From 1853 to 1856, Melville published short fiction in magazines, including "Benito Cereno" and "Bartleby, the Scrivener". In 1857, he traveled to England, toured the Near East, and published his last work of prose, ''The Confidence-Man'' (1857). He moved to New York in 1863, eventually taking a position as United States customs inspector.

From that point, Melville focused his creative powers on poetry. ''Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War'' (1866) was his poetic reflection on the moral questions of the American Civil War. In 1867, his eldest child Malcolm died at home from a self-inflicted gunshot. Melville's metaphysical epic ''Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land'' was published in 1876. In 1886, his other son Stanwix died of apparent tuberculosis, and Melville retired. During his last years, he privately published two volumes of poetry, and left one volume unpublished. The novella ''Billy Budd'' was left unfinished at his death, but was published posthumously in 1924. Melville died from cardiovascular disease in 1891. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 89 for search 'Melville, Herman, 1819-1891', query time: 0.07s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1926
    Book
  2. 2
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1969
    Book
  3. 3
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1956
    Book
  4. 4
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1928
    Book
  5. 5
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1923
    Book
  6. 6
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1957
    Book
  7. 7
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1963
    Book
  8. 8
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1954
    Book
  9. 9
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1960
    Book
  10. 10
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1949
    Book
  11. 11
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1948
    Book
  12. 12
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1962
    Book
  13. 13
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1942
    Book
  14. 14
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1947
    Book
  15. 15
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1950
    Book
  16. 16
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1948
    Book
  17. 17
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1951
    Book
  18. 18
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1959
    Book
  19. 19
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1950
    Book
  20. 20
    by Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
    Published 1969
    Book