Aaron Copland

Aaron Copland School of Music, Queens College (part of the [[City University of New York Aaron Copland (, ; November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music. Copland was referred to by his peers and critics as "the Dean of American Composers". The open, slowly changing harmonies in much of his music are typical of what many people consider to be the sound of American music, evoking the vast American landscape and pioneer spirit. He is best known for the works he wrote in the 1930s and 1940s in a deliberately accessible style often referred to as "populist" and which the composer labeled his "vernacular" style. Works in this vein include the ballets ''Appalachian Spring'', ''Billy the Kid'' and ''Rodeo'', his ''Fanfare for the Common Man'' and Third Symphony. In addition to his ballets and orchestral works, he produced music in many other genres, including chamber music, vocal works, opera and film scores.

After some initial studies with composer Rubin Goldmark, Copland traveled to Paris, where he first studied with Isidor Philipp and Paul Vidal, then with noted pedagogue Nadia Boulanger. He studied three years with Boulanger, whose eclectic approach to music inspired his own broad taste. Determined upon his return to the U.S. to make his way as a full-time composer, Copland gave lecture-recitals, wrote works on commission and did some teaching and writing. However, he found that composing orchestral music in the modernist style, which he had adopted while studying abroad, was a financially contradictory approach, particularly in light of the Great Depression. He shifted in the mid-1930s to a more accessible musical style which mirrored the German idea of ("music for use"), music that could serve utilitarian and artistic purposes. During the Depression years, he traveled extensively to Europe, Africa, and Mexico, formed an important friendship with Mexican composer Carlos Chávez and began composing his signature works.

During the late 1940s, Copland became aware that Stravinsky and other fellow composers had begun to study Arnold Schoenberg's use of twelve-tone (serial) techniques. After he had been exposed to the works of French composer Pierre Boulez, he incorporated serial techniques into his ''Piano Quartet'' (1950), ''Piano Fantasy'' (1957), ''Connotations'' for orchestra (1961) and ''Inscape'' for orchestra (1967). Unlike Schoenberg, Copland used his tone rows in much the same fashion as his tonal material—as sources for melodies and harmonies, rather than as complete statements in their own right, except for crucial events from a structural point of view. From the 1960s onward, Copland's activities turned more from composing to conducting. He became a frequent guest conductor of orchestras in the U.S. and the UK and made a series of recordings of his music, primarily for Columbia Records. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1957
Musical Score Book
2
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1947
Musical Score Book
3
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1939
Musical Score Book
4
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1947
Musical Score Book
5
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1945
Musical Score Book
6
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1941
Musical Score Book
7
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1946
Musical Score Book
8
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1958
Musical Score Book
9
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1956
Musical Score Book
10
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1941
Musical Score Book
11
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1963
Other Authors: ...Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990....
CD Audio
12
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1942
Musical Score Book
13
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1960
Musical Score Book
14
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1950
Musical Score Book
15
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1956
CD Audio
16
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1953
CD Audio
17
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1975
Other Authors: ...Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990....
CD Audio
18
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1954
CD Audio
19
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1960
Other Authors: ...Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990....
CD Audio
20
by Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990.
Published 1978
CD Audio
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