Leonard Bernstein

Bernstein in 1977, taken by [[Jack Mitchell (photographer)|Jack Mitchell]] Leonard Bernstein ( ; August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, pianist, music educator, author, and humanitarian. Considered to be one of the most important conductors of his time, he was the first American conductor to receive international acclaim. According to music critic Donal Henahan, he was "one of the most prodigiously talented and successful musicians in American history". Bernstein was the recipient of many honors, including seven Emmy Awards, two Tony Awards, sixteen Grammy Awards, including the Lifetime Achievement, and the Kennedy Center Honor.

As a composer he wrote in many genres, including symphonic and orchestral music, ballet, film and theatre music, choral works, opera, chamber music and works for the piano. His best-known work is the Broadway musical ''West Side Story'', which continues to be regularly performed worldwide, and has been adapted into two (1961 and 2021) feature films. His works include three symphonies, ''Chichester Psalms'', ''Serenade after Plato's "Symposium"'', the original score for the film ''On the Waterfront'', and theater works including ''On the Town'', ''Wonderful Town'', ''Candide'', and his ''MASS''.

Bernstein was the first American-born conductor to lead a major American symphony orchestra. He was music director of the New York Philharmonic and conducted the world's major orchestras, generating a significant legacy of audio and video recordings. He was also a critical figure in the modern revival of the music of Gustav Mahler, in whose music he was most passionately interested. A skilled pianist, he often conducted piano concertos from the keyboard. He was the first conductor to share and explore music on television with a mass audience. Through dozens of national and international broadcasts, including the Emmy Award–winning ''Young People's Concerts'' with the New York Philharmonic, he made even the most rigorous elements of classical music an adventure in which everyone could join. Through his educational efforts, including several books and the creation of two major international music festivals, he influenced several generations of young musicians.

A lifelong humanitarian, Bernstein worked in support of civil rights; protested against the Vietnam War; advocated for nuclear disarmament; raised money for HIV/AIDS research and awareness; and engaged in multiple international initiatives for human rights and world peace. Near the end of his life, he conducted a historic performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 in Berlin to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall. The concert was televised live, worldwide, on Christmas Day, 1989. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 248 for search 'Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990', query time: 0.09s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1978
    Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...
    CD Audio
  2. 2
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1950
    Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...
    Musical Score Book
  3. 3
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1956
    Musical Score Book
  4. 4
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1971
    CD Audio
  5. 5
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1956
    CD Audio
  6. 6
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1974
    CD Audio
  7. 7
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1961
    Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...
    CD Audio
  8. 8
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1961
    CD Audio
  9. 9
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1960
    CD Audio
  10. 10
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 2013
    Book
  11. 11
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1965
    Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...
    CD Audio
  12. 12
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1957
    CD Audio
  13. 13
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1962
    CD Audio
  14. 14
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1980
    Musical Score Book
  15. 15
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1971
    Musical Score Book
  16. 16
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1986
    CD Audio
  17. 17
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1986
    CD Audio
  18. 18
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1953
    Musical Score Book
  19. 19
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1964
    Musical Score Book
  20. 20
    by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
    Published 1948
    Musical Score Book